Almost all of the recent advances in US oil and gas production involve extracting the product from hard, nearly impervious rock. The only way to get enough oil or gas flow through this rock to create profitable wells is to enhance the flow into the well pipe by opening up flow channels in the vicinity of the well pipe. Those flow channels are opened by selectively fracturing (fracking) the oil or gas bearing-rock close around the well pipe and propping open those fractures so the product can flow through them.
These fractures increase the
area through which the gas or oil can be collected by orders of magnitude, which makes the difference between an economically productive well or a dry hole. These fractures are kept open for
product flow with a "propant", which is simply a sand with sufficient strength to support the massive pressures inherent with supporting rock formations from collapsing back together. The
sand propant has sufficient permeability to boost the product supply to levels that make a well economically productive.
It is clear that fracturing, "fracking," the oil and gas bearing-rock is an absolute necessity for making certain hard rock oil or gas fields economically productive. It is therefore necessary to manage the water used to frack the well and the other "produced" water that accompanies the oil or gas production. Treating that contaminated water is the role of the IX Water system, which does this economically and can make the difference between a productive well or field and an economic failure.