Colorado Regulations for Oil & Gas extraction including Fracking
Oil and gas activities in Colorado are regulated by the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (COGCC), a division of
the Department of Natural Resources (DNR).
The COGCC has broad statutory authority with respect to impacts on any air, water, soil, or biological resources resulting from oil
and gas operations. For oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) activities, the commission implements
the state ground water standards and classifications. It has jurisdiction for all Class II injection wells,
except for those on Indian lands, and jurisdiction for the management of all E&P wastes except at commercial disposal facilities.
Administration of the environmental protection laws related to air quality, waste discharge to surface water, and commercial
disposal facilities is provided for within the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE).
The Colorado Division of Water
Resources (CDWR), another division under the DNR, establishes water use rules and
defines beneficial uses of coalbed methane water.
Colorado Regulations for Produced Water
In Colorado, produced water is regulated by the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (COGCC). Rules 907, 908 and 325 govern the
disposal methods for produced water and requirements for those disposal methods.
*Rule 907 - Management of Exploration and Production (E&P) Waste: Covers the treatment, disposal, reuse/recycling, and mitigation of E&P waste,
including produced water
*Rule 908 - E&P Waste Management Facilities Regulation: describes the requirements for waste management facilities, including those treating produced
*Rule 325 - Underground Injection of Water: identifies construction requirements for wells that dispose of produced water and describes that
eligibility of zones to receive waste water